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work

work是一个英语单词。可以作不可数名词,及物和不及物动词。作名词讲时可译作"工作;事业;工厂"等、作动词讲时可译为"使工作; 使运作; 操作; 使产生效果"等。同义词有"job"。

词语:work[w:k]

过去式:worked wrought

Work

Who first invented work, and bound the free

And holyday-rejoicing spirit down

To the ever-haunting importunity

Of business in the green fields, and the town--

To plough, loom, anvil, spade--and oh! most sad

To that dry drudgery at the desk's dead wood?

Who but the Being unblest, alien from good,

Sabbathless Satan! he who his unglad

Task ever plies 'mid rotatory burnings,

That round and round incalculably reel--

For wrath divine hath made him like a wheel--

In that red realm from which are no returnings:

Where toiling, and turmoiling, ever and aye

He, and his thoughts, keep pensive working-day.

⒈(使)工作

He's been working hard all day.

他辛劳地工作了一天。

⒉(使)运作,运转

All the telephones don't work properly today.

今天所有电话机都出故障了。

I know how to work the machine.

我知道如何开动机器

⒊(使)产生效果

If the scheme works,most of the peasants in this area will be rich.

如果计划成功,这地区的大部分农民将富起来。

The newspapers say this new drug can work wonders.

报上说这种新药有奇效。

⒈工作,劳动,作业

I have a lot of work to do.

我有许多工作要做。

⒉事业

She's devoted her life to good work.

她献身于慈善事业。

⒊工作成果,产品

The villagers sell their work to tourists.

村民们将工艺品卖给旅游者。

⒋著作,作品

She is reading a new work on acupuncture.

她正在看一本关于针灸疗法的新书。

⒌工厂

The works have closed for the Christmas holiday.

圣诞假期,这些工厂歇工了。

⒍功

If you push hard against something and move it,you have done work.

如果你用力推一件东西,并且移动它,那你就做了功。

⒈做体力(或脑力)工作;劳动;干活

⒉受雇于;从事…工作

⒊争取;力争;努力取得

⒋管理,经营(以获利)

⒌开动,操作(机器、装置等);使运作

⒍奏效;产生预期的结果(或作用)

⒎使奏效;(由于努力)造成,产生

⒏(通过压挤、拉长、锤击等)使成形,使定形

⒐抽动;抽搐;颤动

⒑(逐渐地)移动(到某位置);(逐步)变成(某状态)

⒒用某种材料作画(或编制、编织等)

⒈工作用的,工作的

这两个词虽然都有"工作"的意思,但却是近义词。

work 作名词,有体力或脑力劳动的意思(在这一意义上的同义词有 labour,toil),又有作为职业概念的"工作"的意思(在这一意义上的同义词有 employment,occupation,calling)。

I like garden too,but I don't like hard work.

我也喜欢花园,但是我不喜欢辛苦的劳动。

You have done a day's work in three hours.

你在三个小时内完成了一天的工作。

The children were at school,my husband was at work and the house was quiet.

孩子们上学去了,我丈夫去上班了,所以家里很安静。

Work on it had begun before my sister left.

这座房子的工程在我姐姐离开之前就已经开始了。

He is finding his new work far more exciting.

他正在发觉自己的新工作更加令人兴奋。

He is now out of work.

他如今失业了。

job 作为"工作"解,其实有两层含义:一个是"干活"的"活",一个作为职业的""。job作"干活"的"活"解时的同义词有 task,duty,assignment 等;job作为职业的"事"解时有如下的同义词:position,place,situation,post 等。

When you start a job,you must stick to it.

一旦你开始了一件工作,他就得持之以恒。

It was his job to repair bicycles and at that time he used to work fourteen hours a day.

修理自行车就是他的活,而且常常是一天要干14个小时。

I'm not going to wash the dishes,that's your job.

我不洗那些盘子,那是你的事。

He then asked me how my brother was and whether I liked my new job in London.

然后,他问我的兄弟可好,又问我是否喜欢在伦敦的新工作。

Alf's wife has never discovered that she married a dustman and she never will,for Alf has just found another job.

阿尔夫的妻子从来没有发现自己嫁给了一个清洁工,而且她再也不能发现自己丈夫是清洁工了,因为阿尔夫刚刚找到一种别的工作。

He is out of a job.

他如今失业了。

注:用英语表达"失业",work和job这两个词都可以用,但是如果用job就必须用不定冠词a,如果用work,则不用不定冠词。

这组名词的一般含义为"工作"或"劳动"。

work 可以指体力劳动、脑力劳动或机器干的活。从最广义上讲,它可以指大自然活动的任何结果。

I like gardens too,but I do not like hard work.

我也喜欢花园,但是我不喜欢艰苦的劳动。

But in an old man who has known human joys and sorrows,and has achieved whatever work it was in him to do,the fear of death is somewhat abject and ignoble.

然而,作为一个老年人,他经历过人生的欢乐和忧伤,而且完成了他份内要做的一切工作,怕死就有点儿卑鄙和不光彩了。

labour 指人类体力、脑力的劳动,但更强调吃力、费劲或努力。此外,labour创造人类赖以生存的物质和精神财富。

Labour is doing what we must.

劳动就是做必需做的事。

The majority of men there earn their living by manual labour.

那里绝大多数人靠体力劳动谋生。

The computer is a typical labour-saving machine.

计算机是一种典型的节省劳动力的机器。

toil 强调长时间的而且令人感到非常疲劳的辛苦劳动,但未必一概指体力劳动。

The farmer's toil was rewarded with good crops.

那个农夫以辛勤的劳动换得了好收成。

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